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How to configure Multisite in Nginx on Ubuntu 18

How to configure Multisite in Nginx on Ubuntu 18

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Nginx is a famous web server package. Here i am going to explain how to install nginx and configure multiple site on that single server.

First we are going to upgarde and update the server.

sudo apt-get update -y
sudo apt-get upgrade -y

after that instll nginx package

sudo apt-get install nginx

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now going to check servers public ip in browser . you can see the default nginx page.

serverip

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Some commands to check status of nginx service

To Start naginx

sudo service nginx start

To Stop nginx

sudo service nginx stop

TO Restart nginx

sudo service nginx restart

To check nginx status

 sudo service nginx status

enable nginx auto start on system startup.

sudo systemctl enable nginx

2.Configure Nginx

now we are going to create folder for our website 1 in webroot and change the ownership for that folder.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/web1

sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /var/www/html/web1

output

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create the index html file in webserver 1 root path and some content on that file.

echo "<img src="https://loverays.com/uploaded_images/Shiva_612.jpg" alt="shivam" width="460" height="500">" | sudo tee -a /var/www/html/web1/index.html

now we are going to create folder for our website 2 in webroot and change the ownership for that folder.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/web2

sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /var/www/html/web2

create the index html file in webserver 1 root path and some content on that file.

echo "<img src="https://thenewsqube.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Athulya-Ravi-06.jpg" alt="shivam" width="460" height="500">" | sudo tee -a /var/www/html/web2/index.html

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now we are going to create the website 1 configuration file in nginx sites availabe folder and add the below content on it.

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/web1.conf
server 
{
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;

# below line is website 1's webroot 

root /var/www/html/web1;



#what is your index file name mention here ex: login.html

index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html index.php login.html;

# this Server name block you want to mention your domain name

server_name web1.venketraman.com www.web1.venketraman.com;

}

output

image.png

do the same steps for website 2

now we are going to create the website 2 configuration file in nginx sites availabe folder and add the below content on it.

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/web2.conf
server 
{
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;

# below line is website 2's webroot 

root /var/www/html/web2;



#what is your index file name mention here ex: login.html

index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html index.php login.html;

# this Server name block you want to mention your domain name

server_name web2.venketraman.com www.web2.venketraman.com;

}

output

image.png Enable the websites

now we are going to enble the websites which is we want to publish to public.

enable website 1

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/web1.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

enable website 2

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/web2.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

after do the necessary changes you want to modify the default web root permission.

sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/

now we are going to verify our configuration made on nginx is corrcet.

nginx -t

output

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After all the changes restart the nginx service and verify the nginx service status or in running status.

sudo service nginx restart

sudo service nginx status

output

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now we are going to map our servers public ip to our domain name .

i am using GoDaddy for domain registrar.

i have created two a records web1 and web2 with same ip address.

Web1

image.png

web2

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now we are going to check the websites are working.

web1

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web2

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Hurry.. we are successfully configured our multisite nginx websites .

 
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